Java: proper design for multierror functionality

I am writing piece of code in Java, which job is to parse configuration file. It's convenient for the end-users, because they can see and fix all parsing errors at once. But it's not very good for testing - instead of specific exceptions test function just expects very general ParsingError exception.

It's always a room for dark magic here, like testing private methods, but I don't want to go for it. Could you suggest better design solution for the case?

Jon Skeet

Why not throw just a single InvalidConfigurationException (I wouldn't use ParsingError - aside from anything else, I wouldn't expect this to be an Error subclass) which contains information about the specific problems? That information wouldn't be in terms of exceptions, but just "normal" data classes indicating (say) the line number and type of error.

Your tests would then catch the exception, and validate the contents was as expected.

The implementation would probably start off with an empty list of errors, and accumulate them - then if the list is non-empty at the end of the parsing code, throw an exception which is provided with that list of errors.


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